Animal urine can damage any turfgrass species in any climate. Urine appears to cause the most damage on turf with low soil moisture, in months when turf is not actively growing, and on over-fertilized turf. This can intensify lawn problems for these dog owners. Dog feces also add surplus nitrogen to lawns, but it is released much more slowly than through urine. Solid wastes mainly cause damage through smothering turf and killing it. This problem can be alleviated by raking up and disposing of the feces in a separate area. The only way to completely eliminate the problem of dog waste on turf is to exclude animals from the area, most likely through fencing off the area from your own or neighborhood pets.
Walk your dog to a park or field instead of releasing them on the lawn. Train pets to eliminate in a designated spot in the yard. You may even want to include a marking post, such as a bird bath or boulder. Heavily water the spot where a dog urinated on the lawn after it happens. This helps to dilute the urine and minimize damage. Maintain healthy turf that can easily recover. Mow with high mowing heights and follow a recommended, proper fertilization schedule.
Repellents have not been proven to be effective, and may actually increase urination in some cases by dogs wanting to cover the strange smell. Some sources also recommend dietary modifications that attempt to dilute or change the nitrogen content of urine. Always consult a veterinarian before attempting dietary changes. Dogs can also damage turf by digging or through simple wearing of the lawn, especially if they are kept outside. Removing pets from the lawn or behavior training will be necessary to fix these problems. As mentioned above, fencing around the lawn or limiting pet access to specific areas in the yard designed for pet use are some ways to do this. If you have to re-establish your lawn, consider using a more durable turf and cultivar to minimize wearing damage.
Urine affects all turfgrasses, but warm-season, creeping grasses like bermudagrass and St. They will usually fill in dead spots before weeds invade. In general, maintaining healthy turf through proper fertilization, irrigation, mowing is the best way to ensure good recovery from damage. Sometimes, however, damage will be so severe, turf repair is necessary. Consider re-establishing turf with a warm-season grass. They will hold up better to pet urination and traffic than cool-season grasses, which are susceptible to both forms of damage.
Zoysiagrass, seashore paspalum, and bermudagrass have the highest wear tolerance. Tolerance will also vary among cultivars. Remember that having a dog in your life will mean having patience and making compromises—even in landscaping. Flexibility and a good attitude can help you achieve a healthy yard and happy pet. These by-products are expelled from the body during urination, which is the primary method for excreting water-soluble chemicals from the body. The kidneys extract the soluble wastes from the bloodstream, as well as excess water, sugars, and a variety of other compounds. The resulting urine contains high concentrations of urea and other substances, including toxins.
Urine flows from the kidney through the ureter, bladder, and finally the urethra before passing from the body. 13 seconds irrespective of body size. Smaller species including rodents and bats cannot produce jets and instead urinate with a series of drops. Average urine production in adult humans is around 1. 4 L of urine per person per day with a normal range of 0. 6 L per person per day, produced in around 6 to 8 urinations per day depending on state of hydration, activity level, environmental factors, weight, and the individual’s health.
Producing too much or too little urine needs medical attention. Urine also contains an assortment of inorganic salts and organic compounds, including proteins, hormones, and a wide range of metabolites, varying by what is introduced into the body. The total solids in urine are on average 59 g per person per day. On an elemental level, human urine contains 6. Medical experts have long connected urine colour with certain medical conditions. Normal urine is a transparent solution ranging from colorless to amber but is usually a pale yellow. Colorless urine in drug tests can suggest an attempt to avoid detection of illicit drugs in the bloodstream through over-hydration. Dark yellow urine is often indicative of dehydration. Dark urine due to low fluid intake. The odor of normal human urine can reflect what has been consumed or specific diseases.